Do you use captions when showing a video in class? You should. While traditionally used for deaf or hard of hearing students, video captions provide learning benefits to all students.
Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
Captions are essential for deaf and hard of hearing students. For these students, the ability to read the captions makes following along with a video much more manageable.
Even for students who are not categorized as deaf or hard of hearing, focusing on listening to a video for long periods of time is made less demanding by the addition of captions.
By connecting the written word with the spoken word, video captions can improve word recognition, vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension in language learners.
The hardest part of learning a language is learning how to read and write in that language. Anytime a spoken word can be connected to the written version of it, the comprehension of language learners increases.
Students with Different Learning Styles
Not all students learn the same way. While some students may be able to follow along with a video just fine, other students may need the reinforcement provided by captions. A 2011 study1 found that captions provide a “backup” for students with auditory processing difficulties, such as autism. Additionally, captions can improve vocabulary comprehension and spelling skills for students with ADHD and dyslexia.
Captions have been shown to increase reading speeds and vocabulary for struggling readers. By connecting sound to the written word, captions help struggling readers recognize more words.
While this may seem like a tip meant just for beginning readers, adding captions can help readers of all levels. Whether introducing new vocabulary in scientific courses or in an effort to increase the vocabulary of high school students, captions can help students of all reading levels increase their literacy level.
A study conducted by the University of Canterbury in New Zealand2 found that students who watched videos with subtitles are more engaged in the lesson. This increased engagement led to a decrease in truancy rates.
With all these benefits to using video captions, what are you waiting for? Start using captions today. With MediaCAST Captioning Tools, you can easily add captions to any video.
Have you tried using video captions in your class? What benefits did you observe?
Sources: 1 http://mindfulresearch.co.uk/2011/08/29/autistic-spectrum-captions-and-audio-description/ 2 http://www.research.canterbury.ac.nz/rss/news/?feed=news&articleId=842